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Monday, July 15, 2024

Knead Dough (Video)


In the present day I’m educating you the fundamentals it’s worthwhile to find out about how you can knead dough. Be taught why kneading is a crucial and crucial step in most yeasted bread recipes, how you can do it correctly, and how you can know when your dough has been kneaded lengthy sufficient and is able to rise. On this submit & video, I reveal 2 methods I exploit, which you need to use with any yeast dough that requires kneading, whether or not you’re baking sandwich bread, cinnamon rolls, or home made pizza.

slices of multigrain bread

Regardless of the scrumptious style and alluring aroma of fresh-baked bread, many aspiring bakers hesitate to start the journey of home made bread baking. I, too, averted it for a few years. There was simply no means I might potential deal with a dough with yeast. How scary!

However the fact is that making yeasted bread is a surprisingly easy course of, so long as you will have dependable, approachable recipes and a primary understanding of how yeast works. (Plus, a bit persistence!) The toughest half is, really, discovering the braveness to simply BEGIN.

By the best way, when you’re new to working with yeast, reference my Baking with Yeast Information for easy solutions to widespread yeast FAQs. It’s a massively useful place to begin, and can assist provide the base information wanted to efficiently embark in your bread-baking journey. 😉


In the present day’s submit is an extension of my Baking with Yeast Information. Right here I’m educating you how you can knead dough. Kneading dough is a vital step in bread baking, whether or not you’re making delicate multigrain bread (pictured above), breadsticks, entire wheat bread, gooey raspberry candy rolls, or flaky dinner rolls (pictured under).

close up of dinner rolls in a basket

Why Do We Must Knead?

Kneading serves a few functions.

First, we’re incorporating air into the dough. And second, we have to stretch out the gluten strands to construct construction and energy into the bread. Merely mixing the dough collectively leaves us with a random, disorganized array of gluten proteins. We nonetheless should “develop” the gluten, i.e., encourage the proteins within the flour and moisture within the dough to hyperlink collectively and kind a powerful gluten community. This construction permits for trapping of gases so the bread will stand up good and excessive. And gluten is what makes bread deliciously chewy.

If you happen to don’t knead your dough, your baked bread received’t rise as excessive, and the general texture and look shall be dense. Correctly kneaded dough guarantees a softer, fluffier, taller, and chewier bread.

OK, that’s your science class completed for right now!

How does no-knead bread work?

I’ve made yeasted breads earlier than that don’t require kneading, and have a number of revealed together with this no-knead honey oat bread, cranberry nut no-knead bread, 4-ingredient artisan bread, and this jalapeño cheddar bread. So what’s the distinction? These bread recipes use a really moist dough and a slow-rise technique, which permits for fermentation to happen because the extremely hydrated dough rests within the fridge for no less than 12 hours, and even longer.


Comparability Images

Check out the next image. On the left is a dense, squat, and crumbly loaf of sandwich bread. I didn’t knead the dough that produced this baked loaf. On the precise, I kneaded it because the recipe instructs. It’s the identical precise dough, solely the left was not kneaded.

two loafs of bread shown for comparison of bread made from dough that was not kneaded and dough that was kneaded.

And, under, right here is that very same “not kneaded” loaf. As a result of I didn’t knead the dough, it didn’t have the energy to lure the yeast’s gases.

loaf of bread cut open to show dense crumb inside.

And now, the identical sandwich bread recipe, however I took the time to correctly knead the dough just like the recipe instructs. You may see a MAJOR distinction.

loaf of bread cut to show perfectly fluffy and airy crumb inside.

Knead Dough by Hand

You probably have a stand mixer with a dough hook attachment, you possibly can let the mixer run on low velocity and the dough hook can do the kneading, which makes the job hands-off; however I a lot favor to knead dough by hand, for a number of causes:

  1. Some doughs will be actually heavy, and may be an excessive amount of to your mixer to deal with.
  2. Letting a stand mixer do the work can doubtlessly result in over-kneading the dough. It’s lots more durable to over-knead dough together with your fingers, since you get a great really feel for the dough, and can discover as the feel modifications. And likewise… you’ll doubtless get very drained earlier than you attain that time!
  3. And naturally, kneading by hand is a superb stress reliever—give it a strive!

If you happen to determine to knead the dough by hand, right here’s how you can do it: Utilizing the heels of your fingers, gently push the dough away from you in a rocking movement, alternating fingers as you go. You need to put some vitality into it, to actually stretch out the dough.

Video Tutorial

As you possibly can see within the video, after you’ve combined collectively your entire dough substances, it’s kneading time. Right here’s the whole lot it’s worthwhile to knead:

  1. Clear arduous floor, reminiscent of a countertop or a big slicing board.
  2. Small dish of all-purpose or bread flour, aka “bench flour.”
  3. A bench scraper is a great tool to have available; if the dough is sticking to your work floor, simply scrape it off with a bench scraper after which add a bit extra flour to the floor.

Success Suggestions

  • Don’t add any extra flour than you really want—use simply sufficient to stop it from sticking an excessive amount of to your fingers and work floor. The dough ought to nonetheless really feel a bit cheesy.
  • If the dough begins sticking to your fingers, add a bit extra flour to your fingers, fairly than to the dough, so that you don’t throw off that cautious ratio of substances in your bread recipe.
  • As you knead, you’ll begin to really feel the feel of the dough change; it can start to clean out and really feel softer and extra elastic.
hands stretching and kneading dough on marble counter.hands stretching and kneading dough on marble counter.

Knead Additional-Sticky Dough

You probably have an particularly delicate or sticky dough, there’s one other kneading method you need to use. I exploit this technique primarily with extra-soft wealthy doughs, reminiscent of my in a single day cinnamon rolls. Wealthy doughs have extra fats in them (for instance, milk, butter, and egg), versus lean doughs like pizza dough and home made bagels.

With the heel of your hand, push the dough out, then fold it again. Give the folded dough 1 / 4 flip, and repeat. Push it out, fold it again, and switch. This technique is a bit more light, and I discover it really works higher when you will have a very moist, sticky dough. You may watch me do that within the video above.


Know When Dough Has Been Kneaded Sufficient

How do we all know when the dough has been kneaded sufficient and is able to rise? I’ve two methods you possibly can take a look at your dough for doneness:

The primary solution to examine is to easily poke the dough together with your finger. If the dough bounces again with out sticking to your finger, it’s been kneaded sufficient. If it doesn’t, it’s worthwhile to preserve kneading.

finger poking dough ball and dough ball shown again after bouncing back.finger poking dough ball and dough ball shown again after bouncing back.

Windowpane Check for Dough

The second solution to examine in case your dough has been kneaded lengthy sufficient is one thing known as the windowpane take a look at. Tear off a small piece of the dough, and stretch it out till you possibly can see some gentle coming by way of it. (Simply maintain it as much as a lightweight or a window.) If the dough tears earlier than that time, then it’s worthwhile to preserve kneading for a bit longer.

Kneading size varies enormously in yeast bread recipes. Some doughs take simply 3–5 minutes, whereas others can take as much as 10–quarter-hour. For these longer knead occasions, in case your arms are getting drained, be happy to pop the dough again into your stand mixer and use the dough hook for a couple of minutes to offer your fingers a break.

blue stand mixer kneading dough in bowl.blue stand mixer kneading dough in bowl.

What Does Beneath-Kneaded Dough Look Like?

Dough that has not been kneaded, or hasn’t been kneaded lengthy sufficient, seems lumpy, doesn’t stretch very properly, and tears simply. In case your dough is like this, it wants extra kneading. Hold kneading it till it’s clean, stretchy, and extra pliable.

crumbly and torn dough on marble counter.crumbly and torn dough on marble counter.

Clearly, kneading dough does take a while, however the effort is properly value it, particularly since you are already taking the time to make bread from scratch. I feel you’ll discover it’s truly one of the pleasant steps in bread-making (properly, apart from the smelling and tasting elements on the finish). Silky clean, stretchy and cushiony… kneading dough is the unique stress reliever toy!


I hope this tutorial has been useful. Use your new kneading information to make my entire wheat bread when you haven’t already!

Whole Wheat BreadWhole Wheat Bread

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